What Is Enlargement Of The Thyroid Gland?

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9.5 Thyroid Gland Human Biology from humanbiology.pressbooks.tru.ca

Enlargement of the thyroid gland, also known as goiter, is a condition in which the thyroid gland becomes abnormally large. The thyroid gland is located in the neck and is an important part of the endocrine system. It helps to regulate hormones, which play an important role in metabolism and growth. An enlarged thyroid can occur in both men and women, but it is more common in women.

What Causes Enlargement of the Thyroid Gland?

The cause of an enlarged thyroid gland is usually due to an imbalance in the body’s hormones. There are several different hormones that can cause the thyroid gland to enlarge, including thyroxine, triiodothyronine, and calcitonin. An imbalance in these hormones can lead to the thyroid gland becoming larger than normal.

What Are the Symptoms of an Enlarged Thyroid Gland?

The most common symptom of an enlarged thyroid gland is a swelling in the neck. This swelling may be visible or may not be visible but can be felt when pressing on the neck. Other symptoms of an enlarged thyroid gland may include fatigue, weight gain, dry skin, and changes in a person’s voice.

How Is Enlargement of the Thyroid Gland Diagnosed?

Enlargement of the thyroid gland is usually diagnosed during a physical exam. During the exam, the doctor will examine the neck and feel for any lumps or swelling. They may also order blood tests to check for any abnormal levels of hormones. Imaging tests, such as an ultrasound or a CT scan, may also be ordered to help diagnose an enlarged thyroid gland.

What Are the Treatment Options for an Enlarged Thyroid Gland?

The treatment for an enlarged thyroid gland will depend on the underlying cause. If the enlargement is due to an imbalance in hormones, then medications such as levothyroxine or thyroxine may be prescribed. If the enlargement is due to a tumor or cancer, then surgery may be necessary. Radiation therapy may also be used as a treatment option.

Can Enlargement of the Thyroid Gland Be Prevented?

Enlargement of the thyroid gland can often be prevented by maintaining a healthy balance of hormones. This can be done by eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly. It is also important to get regular check-ups and to be aware of any changes or symptoms that may indicate an imbalance in hormones.

Conclusion

Enlargement of the thyroid gland is a condition in which the thyroid gland becomes abnormally large. It is caused by an imbalance in hormones and can lead to various symptoms, such as fatigue, weight gain, dry skin, and changes in a person’s voice. Enlargement of the thyroid gland is usually diagnosed during a physical exam and may require medications, surgery, or radiation therapy, depending on the underlying cause. To prevent an enlarged thyroid gland, it is important to maintain a healthy balance of hormones.

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