Gattaca Movie Questions Answer Key: Exploring The Themes And Symbolism

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Released in 1997, Gattaca is a science fiction movie that explores the themes of genetic engineering, discrimination, and the power of human will. The movie is set in a future where genetic engineering has created a society where people are divided into two classes – the genetically superior and the natural-born – and where one\’s genetic makeup determines their future prospects.

Plot Summary

The movie follows the life of Vincent Freeman, a natural-born who dreams of traveling to space but is denied the opportunity due to his inferior genetic makeup. He assumes the identity of a genetically superior person, Jerome Eugene Morrow, to achieve his dream.

Question 1: What is the significance of the title?

The title of the movie, Gattaca, is derived from the four bases of DNA – Guanine, Adenine, Thymine, and Cytosine. These letters are represented by the letters G, A, T, and C, which make up the title. The title is a symbolic representation of the central theme of the movie – that genetics plays a crucial role in determining one\’s future.

Question 2: What is the significance of the staircase in the movie?

The staircase is a recurring motif in the movie and represents the struggle to climb the social ladder. It is also a symbol of the perseverance and determination that Vincent exhibits in his quest to achieve his dream.

Main Themes

Theme 1: Genetic Discrimination

The movie highlights the consequences of a society where people are judged based on their genetic makeup. The genetically superior are given priority in every aspect of life, while the natural-born are discriminated against.

Theme 2: The Power of Human Will

Vincent\’s character is a testament to the power of human will. Despite being told that he could never achieve his dream of going to space, he persists and ultimately succeeds.

Theme 3: The Illusion of Perfection

The movie shows that even the genetically superior are not perfect. Jerome, who is genetically superior, is plagued by his imperfections and ultimately takes his life.


Symbol 1: Swimming

Swimming is a recurring motif in the movie and represents the struggle to overcome limitations. Vincent\’s love for swimming is a symbol of his determination to overcome his genetic limitations.

Symbol 2: The Piano

The piano is a symbol of perfection and is used to represent the genetically superior. Vincent\’s ability to play the piano despite his genetic makeup shows that perfection cannot be defined by genetics alone.


Gattaca is a thought-provoking movie that explores the implications of genetic engineering on society. The movie\’s central themes and symbolism provide insight into the human condition and the importance of perseverance and determination in achieving one\’s dreams.

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