What Are Uterine Tubes And What Is Their Role?

Most ovarian cancers get their start in fallopian tubes Futurity from www.futurity.org

The uterine tubes, also known as the fallopian tubes, are two cylindrical passages that connect the ovaries to the uterus in a woman’s reproductive system. The tubes have a very important role, as they transport the egg from the ovaries to the uterus, where it will be fertilized. If the egg is not fertilized, it will be expelled in the menstrual cycle. The uterine tubes also provide a place for the embryo to implant, and for the fetus to develop until it is ready to be delivered.

The uterine tubes are lined with a layer of ciliated cells, which help the egg move through the tubes. The cilia beat in a wave-like motion, pushing the egg towards the uterus. The egg then waits in the uterus until it is fertilized by a sperm. If the egg is not fertilized, it will be expelled through the uterus during a woman’s menstrual cycle.

What Can Go Wrong With the Uterine Tubes?

The uterine tubes can become blocked due to a number of causes, including infection, scarring, or damage. This blockage can prevent the egg from being able to travel to the uterus, and in some cases, it can even prevent the egg from being able to be fertilized. This blockage is known as a tubal blockage, and it can cause infertility in some women.

Infections in the uterus, such as pelvic inflammatory disease, can also cause scarring in the tubes, which can lead to a blockage. Damage to the tubes can also occur during surgery, or from the use of certain medications. Endometriosis, a condition in which tissue from the uterus grows outside the uterus, can also cause damage to the tubes.

How Are Tubal Blockages Diagnosed and Treated?

The most common way to diagnose a tubal blockage is through a hysterosalpingogram (HSG). An HSG is a procedure in which a dye is injected into the uterus, and it is then seen on an X-ray. The dye will show any blockage in the tubes, as well as any other abnormalities in the uterus.

In some cases, a laparoscopy can also be used to diagnose a blockage. During this procedure, a camera is inserted into the abdomen through a small incision, and the doctor is able to clearly see the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. This procedure can also be used to treat a blockage, by removing the obstruction or repairing any damage.

In some cases, a treatment known as tubal recanalization can be used to open the tubes. This is done by inserting a small catheter into the tubes, and then using a laser to open the passage. This procedure is not always successful, and it is not recommended for all women.

What Are the Risks of Tubal Blockage?

One of the most serious risks of tubal blockage is infertility. A blocked tube can prevent a woman from getting pregnant. In some cases, women may be able to become pregnant with the help of fertility treatments, such as in-vitro fertilization (IVF). However, there is still a risk of complications associated with fertility treatments.

In some cases, tubal blockage can also cause ectopic pregnancy, which occurs when the embryo implants in the fallopian tube instead of the uterus. This can be a very serious condition and can be life-threatening if left untreated.

What Are the Symptoms of Tubal Blockage?

The symptoms of tubal blockage can vary from woman to woman. Some women may experience pain in the abdomen, pelvic area, or lower back. Others may experience irregular bleeding or spotting between periods. In some cases, there may also be a change in the color or consistency of the menstrual flow.

If you experience any of these symptoms, or if you have any concerns about your fertility, it is important to speak to your doctor. Your doctor can help to diagnose and treat any blockages, or refer you to a specialist for further evaluation.


The uterine tubes, also known as the fallopian tubes, are an important part of a woman’s reproductive system. They play an important role in transporting the egg from the ovaries to the uterus and providing a place for the embryo to implant. Unfortunately, tubal blockages can occur due to a variety of causes, and they can lead to infertility or other complications. If you experience any symptoms of a tubal blockage or have any concerns about your fertility, it is important to speak to your doctor for assessment and treatment.

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